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机器人行业应用需要避免的十大误区


机器人技术在不断改进和发展时,越来越多的企业开始采购和使用机器人。如何才能知道要选择哪个种类的机器人呢?如何避免我们可能并不了解的那些误区,甚至是那些已经在应用上取得成功而并不适合自己的?机器人投资通常从几万到百万美元,在第一时间作出正确的选择并且避免常见的错误是非常重要的,因为错误将导致不必要的开支或者任务的延期。为了帮助工程师和设计人员避免最严重的错误,文中列出了机器人应用避免的十大误区。

误区一:低估了有效负荷和惯性

JIQIRENYONGHUZAIYINGYONGZHONGDEWUQUPAIZAIDIYIWEIDESHIDIGULEYOUXIAOFUHEHEGUANXINGXUQIU。TONGCHANGDADUOSHIYINWEIZAIJISUANFUHESHIMEIYOUBAOKUOJIXIEBEIMODUANSUOZHUANGGONGJUDEZHONGLIANGZAOCHENGDE。QICIZAOCHENGZHEIGECUOWUDEYUANYINSHIDIGUHUOZHEWANQUANHULVELEPIANXINFUHECHANSHENGDEGUANXINGLI。GUANXINGLIYOUKENENGZAOCHENGJIQIRENZHOUDECHAOFUHE。ZAISCARAJIQIRENZHONG,XUANZHUANZHOUDECHAOFUHESHIHENCHANGJIANDE。BUJIANGZHEIGEWENTIJIUZHENGYEHUIDUIJIQIRENZAOCHENGSHANGHAI.JIANSHAOFUHEHUOZHEJIANXIAOSUDUCANSHUKEYIDUIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGJINXINGMIBU。DANSHI,JIANXIAOSUDUJIANGHUIZENGJIABUBIYAODEZHOUQISHIJIAN--ZUOWEITOUZIHUIBAOJIANSHAOYIBUFENDEZHOUQIZAIGOUMAIJIQIRENFANGMIANSHIPAIZAISHOUWEIDE。ZHEIYESHIWEISHENMEFUHEXIANGGUANYINSUCONGYIKAISHIJIUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEYUANYIN。

欧冠足彩 YURENPOLI(JIQIRENXINGYECONGYEZHE):YOUXIAOFUHEFEICHANGZHONGYAO,YIBANJIQIRENJISHUCANSHUJICHUDEYIXIEXINXI,DOUYOUXIANGXIDESHUOMING,EDINGFUZAISHIZAIEDINGSUDUDEQINGKUANGCAISHIYOUXIAODE,DADAOZUIDAFUZAIDEQIZHONGYIGEZHONGYAOTIAOJIANJIUSHIYAOCHUDIJIQIRENYUNXINGSUDU,LINGWAIGUODAFUZAIYEYOUKENENGPOHUAIJIQIRENDEJINGDU。

误区二:试图让机器人做过多事情

YOUSHI,JIQIRENNENGLIHELINGHUOXINGSHIDESHEJIZHEYAOTACHENGDANGUODUODEGONGZUOYIZHIYUJIQIRENDANYUANTAIGUOYUFUZA。ZHEIZHONGJIEGUOYIDANCHANSHENGJIUHENNANQUEDINGZHENGQUEDEZHOUQISHIJIAN,HUOZHEJIJIEJUEFANGANDAILAIEWAIDEKUNNAN,SHENZHIYOUYUCHULIQISUDUXIANZHIJIANGCHANSHENGDALIANGDEKUNNAN。ERQIEYIDANSHENGCHANCHUXIANGUZHANG,ZHEIZHONGCUOWUCHANGCHANGBEIFANGDA。ZAISHENGCHANZHONG,FEIJIHUADETINGCHANJIANGHUIDAOZHIJUDADESUNSHI。

LINGWAIYIZHONGQINGKUANGJIUSHIJIQIRENHEGONGZUODANYUANDESHIYONGCHAOCHULEYUANSHISHEJIDENENGLIYAOQIU。DANGZENGJIADEGONGZUOSHIZAIFANGZHENZHIHOUCAIZENGJIADE,ZHEISHIHENRONGYICHUXIANLINGRENSHIWANGDEQINGKUANG。YOUQISHIZAITUIJINJIHUAZHIQIANMEIYOUZUOXINDEFANGZHEN,NEIMEGUIDINGDEXUNHUANZHOUQIJIUYOUKENENGDABUDAO。YINCIYAOBAOZHENGJIQIRENDEYIGEXUNHUANZHOUQIZAIGUIDINGDESHIJIANYINEI,NEIMECHAOCHUJIQIRENNENGLIFANWEIDESHIQINGJIUDEFEICHANGXIAOXIN。

YURENPOLI:ZAISHIYONGJIQIRENZHIQIAN,YIDINGYAOJINGGUOMONIFANGZHEN,ANZHAOSHEJIYAOQIU,QUEDINGJIQIRENDEYINGYONGDEXINGCHENGFUZAI,HAIYOUZHOUQISHIJIAN,RUGUOZENGJIAJIQIRENXINDEYINGYONG,XIANJINXINGYIDINGDEYANZHENGHOUZAIJINRU。

误区三:低估了电缆的管理问题

欧冠足彩 ZHENGRUKANQILAINEIMEJIANDAN,YEKENENGYINWEIKANQILAIGUOYUJIANDAN,SUOYIDIANLANGUANLIJINGCHANGCHAOFUHE。DANSHI,YOUHUADAOJIXIEBEIMODUANSUOZHUANGGONGJUDEDIANLANHUOWAIWEISHEBEIDELUJINGDUIYUJIQIRENSHEBEIDEYUNDONGLAISHUOSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE。QUESHAODUIQIANZAIWENTIDEGUJIJIANGDAOZHIJIQIRENWEIBIMIANDIANLANJIUCHANHESHOUYAERCHANSHENGBUBIYAODEDONGZUO。BINGQIE,RUGUOBUYUNYONGDONGTAIDIANLANHUOZHEJIANSHAODIANLANDEYALIKENENGHUIDAOZHIDIANXIANDESUNHUAIHETINGJI。

于仁颇黎:目前使用的机器人末端执行器(end-effector),一般是气体驱动或电器驱动的,无可避免的会有相应的气管或电缆连接。大部分的工业机器人的气路和电器回路是走外面的,所以机器人运动控制的时候要相当的小心;也有一部的工业机器人的气路和电气回路是内置的,这时就非常的方便,只要考虑手臂与末端执行器的相对运动时线缆的管理就可以的。

误区四:在选择机器人系统之前应考虑的问题

TONGGUODUIMEIGEYINGYONGDEKAOLV,DANGXITONGANZHUANGYIHOU,NIJIUKEYIQUEDINGGEGEFANGMIANDEYINGYONGSHINIXUYAODEYIJIBIMIANYOUYUKENENGCHUXIANDECUOWUERZAOCHENGDEYANZHONGCHAOZHI。XUYAOKAOLVDEYINSUYOU:

Load(FUZAI)--KAOLVYOUXIAOFUHE,FANGXIANGHELIJU;

Orientation(FANGXIANG)--KAOLVYIDONGDEPINGMIAN,ZAIYIDONGDEPINGMIANZHONGKENENGDEZHANGAIHERUNHUAYIJIWEIHUZHONGDEGEZHONGYINGXIANG;

Speed(SUDU)--KAOLVSUDU、JIASU、JIANSUYIJITAMENCHANSHENGDEGUANLIANG;

Travel(YIDONG)--KAOLVYIDONGDEJULI、XIAOZHENG、JIARUNHUAYOUJIANGEQIHEWANXIANGQIULUODINGDETURANYIDONG;

Environment(HUANJING)--KAOLVHUANJINGWENDU、QINGJIEDUHEFUSHIJIDECUNZAI;

DutyCycle(FUZAIXUNHUAN)--KAOLVSHIFOUYUNZHUANDESHIJIANBILIHELINGJIANDEREXIAOYING。

YURENPOLI:CHUZHEIXIEZHIWAI,HAIYOUJIUSHIJIQIRENDEGONGZUOXINGCHENGYESHIYAOKAOLVDEWENTIZHIYI。XINGCHENGQUEDINGSHI,BUNENGZHIANZHAOJIQIRENJISHUCANSHUDEXINGCHENGLAIQUEDINGSHIFOUKEYIDADAOYINGYONGDEYAOQIU,YINGGAIYAOSHIJIKAOLVDAOMODUANZHIXINGQIANZHUANGHOU,JIQIRENDEYUNDONGGUIJISHIFOUKENENGDADAOXINGCHENGSUOXU。ZHEIYESHIYAOJINXINGMONIFANGZHENDEGUANJIANYUANYINZHIYI。DUIYUHUANJINGLAISHUO,BUTONGDEHUANJING,HUIYOUZHUANMENDINGZHIDEGONGYEJIQIREN,BIRUPENTUXINGYEXUYAODESHIYOUFANGBAONENGLIDEGONGYEJIQIREN,ZHEIYUBIAOZHUNDEJIQIRENJIUYOUSUOBUTONG,HAIYOUJIEJINGSHIDESHIYONGDENGDENG。HAIYOUJIQIRENDEKEKAOXINGYUQIGUZHANGLV,XIAOHAODEDIANLIDENGDENGDOUSHIZAIXUANYONGSHIBIXUYAOKAOLVDEWENTI。

机器人技术在不断改进和发展时,越来越多的企业开始采购和使用机器人。如何才能知道要选择哪个种类的机器人呢?如何避免我们可能并不了解的那些误区,甚至是那些已经在应用上取得成功而并不适合自己的?机器人投资通常从几万到百万美元,在第一时间作出正确的选择并且避免常见的错误是非常重要的,因为错误将导致不必要的开支或者任务的延期。为了帮助工程师和设计人员避免最严重的错误,文中列出了机器人应用避免的十大误区。

误区一:低估了有效负荷和惯性

JIQIRENYONGHUZAIYINGYONGZHONGDEWUQUPAIZAIDIYIWEIDESHIDIGULEYOUXIAOFUHEHEGUANXINGXUQIU。TONGCHANGDADUOSHIYINWEIZAIJISUANFUHESHIMEIYOUBAOKUOJIXIEBEIMODUANSUOZHUANGGONGJUDEZHONGLIANGZAOCHENGDE。QICIZAOCHENGZHEIGECUOWUDEYUANYINSHIDIGUHUOZHEWANQUANHULVELEPIANXINFUHECHANSHENGDEGUANXINGLI。GUANXINGLIYOUKENENGZAOCHENGJIQIRENZHOUDECHAOFUHE。ZAISCARAJIQIRENZHONG,XUANZHUANZHOUDECHAOFUHESHIHENCHANGJIANDE。BUJIANGZHEIGEWENTIJIUZHENGYEHUIDUIJIQIRENZAOCHENGSHANGHAI.JIANSHAOFUHEHUOZHEJIANXIAOSUDUCANSHUKEYIDUIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGJINXINGMIBU。DANSHI,JIANXIAOSUDUJIANGHUIZENGJIABUBIYAODEZHOUQISHIJIAN--ZUOWEITOUZIHUIBAOJIANSHAOYIBUFENDEZHOUQIZAIGOUMAIJIQIRENFANGMIANSHIPAIZAISHOUWEIDE。ZHEIYESHIWEISHENMEFUHEXIANGGUANYINSUCONGYIKAISHIJIUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEYUANYIN。

YURENPOLI(JIQIRENXINGYECONGYEZHE):YOUXIAOFUHEFEICHANGZHONGYAO,YIBANJIQIRENJISHUCANSHUJICHUDEYIXIEXINXI,DOUYOUXIANGXIDESHUOMING,EDINGFUZAISHIZAIEDINGSUDUDEQINGKUANGCAISHIYOUXIAODE,DADAOZUIDAFUZAIDEQIZHONGYIGEZHONGYAOTIAOJIANJIUSHIYAOCHUDIJIQIRENYUNXINGSUDU,LINGWAIGUODAFUZAIYEYOUKENENGPOHUAIJIQIRENDEJINGDU。

误区二:试图让机器人做过多事情

YOUSHI,JIQIRENNENGLIHELINGHUOXINGSHIDESHEJIZHEYAOTACHENGDANGUODUODEGONGZUOYIZHIYUJIQIRENDANYUANTAIGUOYUFUZA。ZHEIZHONGJIEGUOYIDANCHANSHENGJIUHENNANQUEDINGZHENGQUEDEZHOUQISHIJIAN,HUOZHEJIJIEJUEFANGANDAILAIEWAIDEKUNNAN,SHENZHIYOUYUCHULIQISUDUXIANZHIJIANGCHANSHENGDALIANGDEKUNNAN。ERQIEYIDANSHENGCHANCHUXIANGUZHANG,ZHEIZHONGCUOWUCHANGCHANGBEIFANGDA。ZAISHENGCHANZHONG,FEIJIHUADETINGCHANJIANGHUIDAOZHIJUDADESUNSHI。

LINGWAIYIZHONGQINGKUANGJIUSHIJIQIRENHEGONGZUODANYUANDESHIYONGCHAOCHULEYUANSHISHEJIDENENGLIYAOQIU。DANGZENGJIADEGONGZUOSHIZAIFANGZHENZHIHOUCAIZENGJIADE,ZHEISHIHENRONGYICHUXIANLINGRENSHIWANGDEQINGKUANG。YOUQISHIZAITUIJINJIHUAZHIQIANMEIYOUZUOXINDEFANGZHEN,NEIMEGUIDINGDEXUNHUANZHOUQIJIUYOUKENENGDABUDAO。YINCIYAOBAOZHENGJIQIRENDEYIGEXUNHUANZHOUQIZAIGUIDINGDESHIJIANYINEI,NEIMECHAOCHUJIQIRENNENGLIFANWEIDESHIQINGJIUDEFEICHANGXIAOXIN。

YURENPOLI:ZAISHIYONGJIQIRENZHIQIAN,YIDINGYAOJINGGUOMONIFANGZHEN,ANZHAOSHEJIYAOQIU,QUEDINGJIQIRENDEYINGYONGDEXINGCHENGFUZAI,HAIYOUZHOUQISHIJIAN,RUGUOZENGJIAJIQIRENXINDEYINGYONG,XIANJINXINGYIDINGDEYANZHENGHOUZAIJINRU。

误区三:低估了电缆的管理问题

欧冠足彩 ZHENGRUKANQILAINEIMEJIANDAN,YEKENENGYINWEIKANQILAIGUOYUJIANDAN,SUOYIDIANLANGUANLIJINGCHANGCHAOFUHE。DANSHI,YOUHUADAOJIXIEBEIMODUANSUOZHUANGGONGJUDEDIANLANHUOWAIWEISHEBEIDELUJINGDUIYUJIQIRENSHEBEIDEYUNDONGLAISHUOSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE。QUESHAODUIQIANZAIWENTIDEGUJIJIANGDAOZHIJIQIRENWEIBIMIANDIANLANJIUCHANHESHOUYAERCHANSHENGBUBIYAODEDONGZUO。BINGQIE,RUGUOBUYUNYONGDONGTAIDIANLANHUOZHEJIANSHAODIANLANDEYALIKENENGHUIDAOZHIDIANXIANDESUNHUAIHETINGJI。

于仁颇黎:目前使用的机器人末端执行器(end-effector),一般是气体驱动或电器驱动的,无可避免的会有相应的气管或电缆连接。大部分的工业机器人的气路和电器回路是走外面的,所以机器人运动控制欧冠足彩的时候要相当的小心;也有一部的工业机器人的气路和电气回路是内置的,这时就非常的方便,只要考虑手臂与末端执行器的相对运动时线缆的管理就可以的。

误区四:在选择机器人系统之前应考虑的问题

欧冠足彩 TONGGUODUIMEIGEYINGYONGDEKAOLV,DANGXITONGANZHUANGYIHOU,NIJIUKEYIQUEDINGGEGEFANGMIANDEYINGYONGSHINIXUYAODEYIJIBIMIANYOUYUKENENGCHUXIANDECUOWUERZAOCHENGDEYANZHONGCHAOZHI。XUYAOKAOLVDEYINSUYOU:

欧冠足彩 Load(FUZAI)--KAOLVYOUXIAOFUHE,FANGXIANGHELIJU;

欧冠足彩 Orientation(FANGXIANG)--KAOLVYIDONGDEPINGMIAN,ZAIYIDONGDEPINGMIANZHONGKENENGDEZHANGAIHERUNHUAYIJIWEIHUZHONGDEGEZHONGYINGXIANG;

Speed(SUDU)--KAOLVSUDU、JIASU、JIANSUYIJITAMENCHANSHENGDEGUANLIANG;

欧冠足彩 Travel(YIDONG)--KAOLVYIDONGDEJULI、XIAOZHENG、JIARUNHUAYOUJIANGEQIHEWANXIANGQIULUODINGDETURANYIDONG;

欧冠足彩 Environment(HUANJING)--KAOLVHUANJINGWENDU、QINGJIEDUHEFUSHIJIDECUNZAI;

DutyCycle(FUZAIXUNHUAN)--KAOLVSHIFOUYUNZHUANDESHIJIANBILIHELINGJIANDEREXIAOYING。

YURENPOLI:CHUZHEIXIEZHIWAI,HAIYOUJIUSHIJIQIRENDEGONGZUOXINGCHENGYESHIYAOKAOLVDEWENTIZHIYI。XINGCHENGQUEDINGSHI,BUNENGZHIANZHAOJIQIRENJISHUCANSHUDEXINGCHENGLAIQUEDINGSHIFOUKEYIDADAOYINGYONGDEYAOQIU,YINGGAIYAOSHIJIKAOLVDAOMODUANZHIXINGQIANZHUANGHOU,JIQIRENDEYUNDONGGUIJISHIFOUKENENGDADAOXINGCHENGSUOXU。ZHEIYESHIYAOJINXINGMONIFANGZHENDEGUANJIANYUANYINZHIYI。DUIYUHUANJINGLAISHUO,BUTONGDEHUANJING,HUIYOUZHUANMENDINGZHIDEGONGYEJIQIREN,BIRUPENTUXINGYEXUYAODESHIYOUFANGBAONENGLIDEGONGYEJIQIREN,ZHEIYUBIAOZHUNDEJIQIRENJIUYOUSUOBUTONG,HAIYOUJIEJINGSHIDESHIYONGDENGDENG。HAIYOUJIQIRENDEKEKAOXINGYUQIGUZHANGLV,XIAOHAODEDIANLIDENGDENGDOUSHIZAIXUANYONGSHIBIXUYAOKAOLVDEWENTI。